HomePress ReleaseEIN PresswireOn 1st anniversary of Mahsa Amini’s dying, UN submission sheds light on...

On 1st anniversary of Mahsa Amini’s dying, UN submission sheds light on dire human rights for women and girls in Iran

Demonstrators march in solidarity with protesters in Iran’. Getty Pictures. Photograph credit score: Omer Messinger

Equality Now logo - Equality Now written in red font, underneith in dark blue smaller writing it says "A just world for women and girls"
Logo for Centre for Supporters of Human Rights, written in green font against a white background
Logo that says Femena on top line, and underneath Rights Peace Inclusion, written in brown font against a white background

Human rights organizations urge Iran to enact main reforms to enhance the social and political rights of women and girls in line with worldwide requirements.

LEBANON, BEIRUT, September 16, 2023/ — On the primary anniversary of Mahsa Amini’s tragic dying in custody following her arrest by Iran’s “morality police,” human rights organizations Centre for Supporters of Human Rights (CSHR), Equality Now, and Femena have made a joint submission to the UN Human Rights Committee, requesting the Committee elevate vital considerations with the Iranian state concerning the dire state of affairs concerning women’s and girls’ civil and political rights in the nation.

Points raised in the submission embody the extreme use of pressure by Iranian regulation enforcement towards women for violating the nation’s necessary costume code, and human rights violations dedicated by state forces towards the nation’s residents, together with stories of torture, ill-treatment, and sexual and gender-based violence, notably towards women, males, and kids in state custody.

Additionally highlighted are the dangerous impacts of gender and sex-discriminatory private standing legal guidelines governing household issues like marriage, divorce, little one custody, and inheritance, and the persevering with prevalence of feminine genital mutilation and little one marriage.

The Human Rights Committee oversees the implementation of the Worldwide Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) by nations, and the submission has been made in advance of the Committee’s upcoming overview and dialogue with Iranian state representatives, going down throughout the 139th session on the UN in Geneva between October 9 and November 3, 2023.

The Committee performs a significant position in selling and monitoring human rights by reviewing stories on nations, addressing considerations, and issuing suggestions to uphold civil and political rights. It additionally engages in dialogue with states to advertise constructive motion.

Iran has did not adjust to its human rights obligations underneath the ICCPR, which explicitly prohibits violence towards individuals and discrimination on the premise of intercourse and gender. CSHR, Equality Now, and Femena request that the Committee name on Iran to enact vital reforms to guard the rights of women and girls and guarantee compliance with ICCPR ideas.


Mahsa Amini was detained by Iran’s “morality police” on September 13, 2022, for allegedly incorrectly sporting a hijab, or scarf, in accordance with Iran’s strict and obligatory costume code, as outlined in Article 638 of the Islamic Penal Code, which mandates that women could also be imprisoned or fined for failure to put on prescribed Islamic costume.

Mahsa died of her accidents in hospital three days later, on September 16. The Iranian state claims she fell right into a coma following a coronary heart assault and mind seizure shortly after her arrest, and the authorities have attributed this to pre-existing medical issues. However her household disputes it, saying that she had no prior well being points, and eyewitnesses report that police had severely crushed her.

Her dying triggered nationwide outrage in Iran, with demonstrators rallying underneath the slogan, “Lady, Life, Freedom,” and many demanding accountability in the face of growing state oppression and violence. Over 500 individuals are reported to have been killed in subsequent protests, and tons of extra have been wounded. 1000’s have been arrested, many stay imprisoned, and some have acquired dying sentences.

Two courageous journalists, Niloofar Hamedi and Elahe Mohammadi, who had been among the many first to report on Mahsa dying, stay behind bars, dealing with critical prison expenses and closed-door courtroom hearings.


Alarmingly, Iranian authorities are at the moment contemplating a draconian new draft regulation titled “Invoice to Help the Household by Selling the Tradition of Chastity and Hijab,” which incorporates 70 articles prescribing harsher penalties for women who defy the regulation, together with heavy fines, loss of employment, confiscation of property, and as much as 10 years in jail.

Alongside being penalized for not sporting a headband in public, women face punishment for dressing in “indecent apparel,” together with round-neck t-shirts, short-sleeved clothes, and three-quarter-length or ripped trousers. Extra extreme penalties are additionally stipulated for celebrities who overtly disregard the foundations.

Included inside the invoice is the use of synthetic intelligence to implement costume code violations, and the state is reportedly investing closely in good cameras that use facial recognition know-how.

Moreover, the invoice permits members of the general public to report folks for not adhering to the regulation and permits them to apprehend others if regulation enforcement personnel will not be there. This dangers creating alternatives for abusers who might declare they’re apprehending women for non-adherence or might use threats to report as a device of coercive management. The proposed laws additionally will increase state jurisdiction over companies, together with shutting them down for serving women with no hijab.

A gaggle of UN Human Rights Council-appointed specialists mentioned authorities seem “to be governing by means of systemic discrimination with the intention of suppressing women and girls into whole submission.”

Different oppressive legal guidelines and laws, together with the “defending those that command the nice and forbid the evil” regulation, empower army and civil forces to violate women’s rights with state backing and intimidate companies and civil service suppliers into infringing upon women’s rights.

In November 2022, the UN Human Rights Council launched the Unbiased Worldwide Reality-Discovering Mission on the Islamic Republic of Iran to analyze human rights violations, notably concerning women and kids.

In a current oral replace, the Mission expressed grave considerations concerning the use of facial recognition applied sciences to focus on women and girls who defy sex-discriminatory legal guidelines. It additionally reported suspensions of feminine college students and fines or closures of companies for non-enforcement of compulsory veiling legal guidelines.


Equality Now, CSHR, and Femena, have offered a complete submission to the UN Human Rights Committee, calling on Iran to take instant motion to deal with the next important points, amongst others:

Amend and Take away Gender Discriminatory Clauses:

The Iranian state should revise and remove all gender-discriminatory clauses current in civil and prison codes, notably focusing on Articles 199, 209, and 638 of Iran’s Islamic Penal Code of 2013, Books I, II, and V.

Revise the Structure:

Particular constitutional amendments are required, concentrating on the preamble, Articles 2, 3, 4, 21, and Article 115, to abolish all laws permitting State brokers to watch and management women’s costume or habits in public or non-public life.

Abolish Discriminatory Legal guidelines:

Iran should abolish the regulation generally known as “defending those that command the nice and forbid the evil,” which permits and empowers army and civil forces to violate women’s rights with the assist of the state. Moreover, all different legal guidelines and laws needs to be repealed that pressure companies and civil service suppliers to violate the rights of women on the state’s behalf.

Finish State Backlash and Guarantee Safety:

Iran should stop all kinds of State retaliation towards folks participating in protests and towards these reporting on and advocating for women’s rights. Women have to be successfully safeguarded from all violence, harassment, abuse, and torture.

Conduct Unbiased Investigations:

Iran ought to provoke national-level impartial, thorough, and immediate investigations into the use of excessive violence towards protestors, killings, and all kinds of violence towards women. Perpetrators have to be held accountable for their actions.

Enact Legal guidelines, Motion Plans, and Insurance policies On Feminine Genital Mutilation (FGM):

Iran wants to offer nationwide, statistical, disaggregated, and dependable knowledge on the quantity of women and girls residing in Iran who’ve both undergone FGM or are in danger of present process FGM and enact a regulation that explicitly prohibits all kinds of FGM in Iran. Girls as younger as ten years are being subjected, however there’s a lack of statistics addressing this.

Implement Legal guidelines And Insurance policies To Tackle Little one Marriage:

The place girls and boys are legally allowed to be married on the ages of 13 and 15, Iran should enact and implement legal guidelines and insurance policies that meaningfully deal with little one marriage. This consists of enacting and implementing a regulation that specifies the minimal age of marriage for each girls and boys is eighteen years of age, with out exception. Comprehensively tackling the prevalence of little one marriage additionally requires addressing systemic considerations comparable to violence towards women and girls; lack of entry to obtainable, accessible, acceptable, and adaptable training; and financial hardship. This have to be coupled with outreach and coaching that challenges dangerous and long-held social norms and violence towards women and girls.

Ratify Worldwide Conventions:

Iran stays one of solely six nations – alongside Palau, Somalia, Sudan, Tonga, and america – that has not signed or ratified the Conference on the Elimination of All Types of Discrimination In opposition to Women (CEDAW). Additionally it is one of the twenty-one nations to not have signed or ratified the Conference towards Torture and Different Merciless Inhuman or Degrading Therapy or Punishment (CAT). Iran ought to signal and ratify these worldwide agreements to display its dedication to selling gender equality and aligning with worldwide requirements for the empowerment and safety of women.

Antonia Kirkland, International Lead for Authorized Equality and Entry to Justice at Equality Now, warns, “Discriminatory legal guidelines have a unfavorable, and typically lethal, affect on women’s and girls’ skills to take pleasure in their civil and political rights. On this case, Iran has clearly violated and is constant to violate its obligation and obligations underneath the Worldwide Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to advertise and shield the rights of women and girls’ rights.”

Shabnam Moinipour, CSHR Program Director, expressed, “We welcome the UN Human Rights Committee’s consideration and inclusion of discriminatory legal guidelines in its Checklist of Points (LOI) for Iran’s Fourth Periodic Report. Nevertheless, we stay involved concerning the Iranian state’s response to this LOI the place it refused to acknowledge that its authorities used extreme pressure and violence in the case of Mahsa Amini, which led to her dying. We hope the Committee will deal with this and all of the underlying authorized and systemic points in its scheduled dialogue with Iranian state representatives in October.”

Sussan Tahmasebi, Director of Femena, concludes, “The instigation of the Lady, Life, Freedom uprisings led to the detention of many women human rights defenders (WHRDs), some of whom have acquired heavy jail sentences. Some WHRDs, comparable to Niloufar Hamedi and Elahe Mohammadi, the 2 journalists arrested for masking the dying and funeral of Mahsa Amini, have been in short-term detention for practically a 12 months, awaiting courtroom verdicts. Scores of others have been arrested in the previous months, and many rights defenders have been pressured to go away the nation.

“We demand Iranian authorities to unconditionally launch and finish judicial proceedings for all protesters and human rights defenders arrested, charged, and sentenced in relation to the Lady, Life, Freedom protests.”

* * * * * * * * *

Centre for Supporters of Human Rights is a non-governmental group established in the UK in 2012. One space of its work focuses on bettering women’s rights and offering options to advance human rights in Islamic nations, notably in Iran.

Equality Now’s a world non-governmental human rights group that works to guard and promote the rights of all women and girls all over the world by combining grassroots activism with worldwide, regional, and nationwide authorized advocacy. Our worldwide community of legal professionals, activists, and supporters obtain authorized and systemic change by holding governments accountable for enacting and implementing legal guidelines and insurance policies that finish authorized inequality, intercourse trafficking, on-line sexual exploitation, sexual violence, and dangerous practices comparable to feminine genital mutilation and little one marriage.

Femena helps women human rights defenders (WHRDs), their organizations, and feminist actions in the MENA and Asia areas, with a selected focus on contexts the place civic house is shrinking or closed in addition to contexts impacted by battle and extremism.

Tara Carey
Equality Now
Go to us on social media:


Most Popular