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How to write theory chapter

The theory in an empirical thesis should illuminate the empirical in a special – scientific – way. It should bring out something that everyday considerations do not. The main purpose of presenting theory is to use it in the analysis or interpretation of a data material. This means that you do not have to explain a theory that you are not going to use for anything. This creates false expectations in the reader, and gives the impression that you have not arrived. Buy Essay Online, the best essay writing company for us.

Not all assignments have their own theoretical part. In the IMRaD model, previous research takes the place of theory, as part of the introduction.

What kind of theory should you choose? Since the theory forms a basis for analyzing the data, it can be useful to choose a theory that makes it possible to distinguish and place phenomena in different categories. But there is also a theory that brings out more nuances in a phenomenon than we get through everyday considerations. You

can therefore choose to either reduce the complexity of the data material or to develop what initially seems simple.

How much time and space should you spend on the theory chapter? This is a difficult question. Some assignments spend too much space on theory and do not get to the main point: the analysis and/or the discussion. But it is also important to have read enough theory to be able to know what to look for when collecting data. The answer must therefore be that it is the survey area (data basis) that decides. Some studies require little theory, but place all the more emphasis on method, while others require some theory in order to be able to conduct an exciting discussion.

Method Chapter

In many research articles, the method section is one of the most important for assessing quality and relevance. The same applies to the method chapter in an empirical thesis. This can also be a difficult chapter to write, because it is not always clear which “job” it should do. For example, a method chapter should not reproduce the content of the subject’s method books. If you have used an interview, for example, it is not necessary to list many different types of research interviews. You also do not need to explain the differences between quantitative and qualitative methods, or list different types of validity and reliability.

What you need to do is show how your choices of design and method are suitable to illuminate / answer your research question, and what assessments you have made with regard to validity (validity) and reliability (reliability). ‘ Show, do not tell’ – show the reader what you did and explain how and why. Then the method chapter will put the different parts of the thesis in context, and it will be exciting to read. In practice, this means demonstrating that you have understood the practical meaning of the terms.

  • A good method chapter tells what you have done in your survey, and explains the choices you have made. How did you collect data? What can one expect to find by doing it this way?
  • What was the framework? What trade-offs had to be made? What do you achieve by using this method?
  • Show what you have done to increase its validity . What can you say about the reliability (reliability) of data collection? How do you know you have researched what you wanted to research? What conclusions can be drawn on this basis? Which interpretations are certain, and which are more tentative? What transfer value do the results have? Can you generalise – why, why not?
  • How did you analyse the data? How did you construct any categories or themes?
  • Weaknesses and strengths of the method must be The extra good task is distinguished by criticising their choices and at the same time defending them.

Analysis (Results)

In order for the data in an empirical task to become findings and results, they must be analysed, i.e. interpreted, categorised and / or coded . There are many ways to do this; consult the method literature in your subject. The analysis can either come after a presentation of data material, or presentation and analysis can be integrated. In the IMRaD model , this section is called results.

Together with the discussion, the analysis is the highlight of the thesis. Here you account for findings, and treat these in a systematic – methodical – way. The reader’s expectations are built up in the introduction and through the explanations in the theory and method chapter. When the findings are presented and analysed, these expectations must be met.

To analyse means to distinguish between different elements or dimensions in a material – to distinguish equally from different. When you distinguish between

phenomena, you put the theory to work. But exactly what the analysis itself should look like is a creative work, based on a given material. It may therefore take time to figure out how to best present and organise your findings.

It is important to choose analysis categories that are consistent with the theory you are using. If you analyse human actions, the reader’s emotions may be set in motion. At the same time as the emotions are engaged, the analysis should also shed light on the more general phenomenon so that one understands it in a new (and better) way.


In many tasks, the discussion (or discussion) is the most important. Therefore, make sure that you have the time and space to conduct a proper discussion. This is your opportunity to show that you have understood the significance of your findings, and that you can apply the theory in an independent way. Typical tasks for a discussion:

  • Bring together the different parts of the task
  • Illuminate findings / analysis topics / results using theory
  • Explore the tensions in your material
  • Use arguments and counter-arguments
  • Evaluate alternative explanations / interpretations

In a discussion, we examine a phenomenon from several perspectives. When you ask questions about what you have explained, and consider different interpretations, you make a discussion. Here are a few examples of current formulations:

  • On one side… and on the other
  • But is it really so that… or can it also…?
  • If x is the case, it will also be able to…
  • In light of x, it may appear that…
  • Another possible explanation could be…
  • In contrast to previous studies, it seems that…

Conclusion or Summary

The completion of a task can be of different kinds: Some tasks require a conclusion, while others can manage with a summary. The problem and the research questions are crucial.

A research question that is openly asked can not always be answered, but if the question can be answered in a specific form, you must conclude. The conclusion must therefore answer the problem, but remember that a negative conclusion is also valid. MyPremiumEssay essay writing company.

A good summary repeats the most important moments from the thesis, not least the discussion, but says them in a new way, for example by putting them into a larger context or perspective.

  • Point out new issues that you have come across through the work
  • Show how others have highlighted the topic in a different context
  • If others have come to different conclusions than you, this can provide ideas for new ways of looking at the problem
  • Address unanswered questions from your own project, and point out possible follow-up and new, potential projects

The task «bites itself in the tail»

There must be a good connection between the introduction and the conclusion, so that themes and questions raised in the introduction can be found in the conclusion.

If it turns out that the thesis has not touched on a topic that you wrote about in the introduction, it must be deleted. An elegant way to structure the text is to use the

same image, case or story at the beginning and end. When this image returns at the end, it has acquired a new meaning through the insights and cognition that have arisen during the writing process.


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