HomeInternationalFrom allies to uncertainty: Lithuania's Belarusian exile dilemma

From allies to uncertainty: Lithuania’s Belarusian exile dilemma

“Putin and Lukashenko need the outdated Iron Curtain between Belarus and Europe,” one politician advised Euronews, warning in opposition to imposing restrictions on Belarusian residents.

Belarusian associates may very well be turning to foes in Lithuania.


Like neighbouring Poland, the small Baltic nation has welcomed tens of 1000’s of Belarusian exiles since Minsk viciously cracked down on a 2020 protest motion. 

However Russia’s battle in Ukraine modified every thing.

It amplified fears in some quarters that residents of Belarus, a staunch ally of Russia, may pose a safety threat to Lithuania, main the nation’s lawmakers to take into account banning visa and residency permits for Belarusians. 

Throw into the combo the arrival of 1000’s of Russian Wagner mercenaries into Belarus in July and a few worriers have gone into overdrive.

“We perceive the safety dangers posed by [Belarusian President Alexander] Lukashenko’s regime of a potential infiltration with brokers to Poland and Lithuania and there’s no easy answer right here. However we additionally know the coverage of blanket bans does not work,” Franak Viačorka, a Belarusian opposition politician, advised Euronews. 

“The key providers of Russia and Lukashenko will simply discover some other means.”

Viačorka was additionally afraid of the “symbolic penalties” any clampdown may have, doubtlessly aiding these in energy in Moscow and Minsk.

“Putin and Lukashenko need the outdated Iron Curtin between Belarus and Europe… as a result of it’s going to assist repair Russian management over Belarus. They need to isolate Belarusians, leaving them with no connections to the skin world.”

“Then the regime can commit atrocities with impunity. Individuals will stand alone in opposition to its terror.”

He claimed “propaganda” TV channels in Belarus have already jumped upon Lithuania’s potential restrictions on Belarusian nationals, calling it “precisely” what the regime needs. 

Between 2020 and 2021, Belarusian safety forces crushed large anti-government protests, sparked by Lukashenko’s re-election, which was thought of rigged by the worldwide neighborhood, together with the EU


Greater than 35,000 individuals have been arbitrarily detained throughout that interval, in accordance to the United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights. Many skilled violence, threats, ill-treatment and inhumane detention situations. 

Belarusian authorities have since escalated smear campaigns and prosecutions in opposition to political and civic activists, journalists and human rights defenders on trumped-up expenses, as per a Human Rights Watch report

But, Belarusian exiles – numbering round 58,000 inside Lithuania, in accordance to knowledge cited by AP – have change into an more and more thorny challenge, as relations between Vilnius and Belarus have soured. 

Not solely has Minsk funnelled irregular migrants into each Lithuania and Poland, which have been known as a type of hybrid battle, however Vilnius additionally holds Russia and Belarus equally answerable for the invasion of Ukraine.

Safety considerations have inevitably risen. Bordering the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, Lithuania was as soon as a part of the USSR and now feels threatened by a revisionist Russia, backed by Belarus.


In March, Lithuania’s parliament put ahead a invoice banning Belarusian and Russian nationals from acquiring Lithuanian citizenship, proudly owning property, making use of for visas or extending their residence permits. 

It was ultimately watered down, with extra controversial provisions dropped, however now lawmakers might once more take into account imposing visa and residence allow bans for Belarusians. A vote is predicted in September.

“We will probably be grateful to Lithuania it doesn’t matter what,” stated opposition politician Viačorka.

“We see Lithuania as one of many closest international locations to us. [More restrictive policies] may hurt all the nice issues the nation has completed over time for Belarusians. It is crucial not to spoil all that relationship capital we’ve constructed with quick selections.”

‘Prisoners in Belarus’

Whereas he recognised “some risk”, Lithuanian Labour MP Andrius Mazuronis stated slapping restrictions on Belarusians would “make big issues”.


Many exiles are younger, extremely educated people, “who share our values and see the state of affairs in Ukraine in precisely the identical means as we do,” he stated. “The regime in Belarus will change…  and other people with a Western thoughts will probably be in a position come again and recreate their nation as a standard, European-orientated state.”

“That is why we want to host these individuals within the medium to long run.”

And it is not solely the Belarusian opposition that advantages.

Lithuania has felt a “constructive” influence, with Belarusian professionals enjoying an vital position within the nation’s burgeoning tech and IT sectors, plus many firms have relocated from Belarus, in accordance to Mazuronis.

“Belarusians have settled down right here and built-in into our society,” he advised Euronews. “If we might shut the border, I feel our economic system would face some severe challenges.”

Cautious background checks by Lithuania’s migration and intelligence providers may mitigate many safety points, Mazuronis stated, suggesting lawmakers ought to make them stronger and deeper. 

He famous practically 1,000 Belarusian residents had been refused entry on safety grounds, displaying the Migration Division was doing an “vital and spectacular” job.

Nonetheless, Mazuronis aired a be aware of warning, amid fears Wagner mercenaries in Belarus might stage a provocation on NATO’s borders.

“Society feels threatened as a result of they nonetheless keep in mind how briskly issues can develop. We noticed it with Ukraine. Lithuanian officers had talked about it [the threat of Russia] for a few years – sadly, nobody in Western capitals was listening,” he stated. 

Authorities have not too long ago despatched questionnaires to Russians and Belarusians dwelling in Lithuania aimed toward proving their loyalty, asking questions on who rightfully owns Crimea and their views in the direction of the battle.

For Viačorka, such insurance policies mistakenly equated the 2. 

“Belarusians will not be Russian,” he advised Euronews. “It’s serving to Lukashenko’s propaganda: They need to make Belarusians perceived the identical as Russia.”

“It’s merely not true”.

Polling by unbiased Belarusian sociologist Andrei Vardomatsky discovered solely 11% of his compatriots have been in favour of Belarus collaborating within the preventing in Ukraine, whereas in Russia attitudes in the direction of the battle are extra unclear. 

In the meantime, two-thirds of these surveyed are in opposition to Russia’s use of Belarus as a staging level for attacking Ukraine. 

“Crucial factor in my perspective is the aim of closing up the border?”, requested Mazuronis.

Whereas he accepted it’d ship a political message to the Belarusian and Russian regimes, the Labour MP doubted if it will enhance Lithuania’s safety state of affairs or lower the potential risk coming from Moscow.

He additionally invoked historical past: “We should always not overlook that after the Second World Warfare, 1000’s of Lithuanians ran from the Soviet regime. Individuals went desperately. However they have been in a position to ultimately come again and construct our nation from scratch.”

“I’m positive that many Belarusians are keen to do precisely the identical,” he added.


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